|Sugar as a Rocket Fuel|
Rocket Fuel: Sugar
C12H22O11 Sucrose (Table Sugar)
C6H12O6 D-Glucose (Dextrose)
Sugar is a naturally occurring compound found in many plants. Pure corn syrup is almost 100% D-glucose, and high fructose corn syrup HFCS is corn syrup with added enzymes to turn a percentage of the glucose into fructose. Karo® is common U.S. brand of concentrated fructose/glucose syrup. Sucrose (table sugar), is found naturally in sugar cane and sugar beets. It is a compound made up of fructose and glucose.
Sugar is a popular fuel in amateur rocketry because it is very inexpensive, available over-the-counter, and gives a nice smoke trail which aids in visual tracking of the smaller rockets. All types of these sugars in their many forms are used as fuel in nitrate/sugar or candy rocket propellant. In these propellants, the oxidizer is usually potassium nitrate. Popular forms of sugar used in propellants include: high fructose corn syrup, table sugar, confectioners (powdered) sugar, honey and even commercial candy products like pixie-stix® and Oreo® cream.1 Due to the high melting temperature of regular table sugar (sucrose), corn syrup is usually added to make a malleable propellant at a lower more manageable temperature. It also helps reduce possible grain boundary errors common in fast hardening table-sugar/nitrate propellant. Sugar alcohols like sorbitol are often substituted for sucrose to address these grain manufacturing issues.
See Sugar MSDS
Other Interesting Facts:
Another sugar that is found in milk is called lactose C12H22O11.
Animals and humans need significant amounts of sugar to survive. It is both a macronutrient and a micronutrient.
|Last Updated on Thursday, 20 October 2011 21:51|